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HS Unit I: Free But Far From Equal: The African American Experience in Massachusetts, 1780–1863 Lesson B: Men and Women, Black and White, Who Made a Difference
Suggested Links & Resources


Old Sturbridge Village lesson plan "Arguments for and against slavery"

EDSITEment unit, "From Courage to Freedom: Frederick Douglass's 1845 Biography"

EDSITEment unit, "How people in the North and South reacted to the Emancipation Proclamation"

Lift Ev'ry Voice, 1830-1860. Vol. 3 of Making Freedom: African Americans in U.S. History, by Primary Source (Portsmouth: Heinemann, 2004) is a curriculum sourcebook for teachers that includes many lessons on the abolitionist movement, with dozens of additional primary sources on the accompanying CD.

"Making the World Better: The Struggle for Equal Rights in Nineteenth Century America" focuses on two Massachusetts women— Sarah Parker Remond, an African-American abolitionist, and Lucy Stone. The unit includes a Teacher's Guide.


The Black Presence in the Era of the American Revolution, by Sidney Kaplan and Emma Nogrady Kaplan (University of Massachusetts Press, 1989).

Courage and Conscience: Black & White Abolitionists in Boston, ed. by Donald M. Jacobs (Published for the Boston Athenaeum by Indiana University Press, 1993).

Sarah's Long Walk: The Free Blacks of Boston and How Their Struggle for Equality Changed America, by Stephen Kendrick and Paul Kendrick (Beacon Press, 2005). [Good source of information on Robert Morris.]


For biographical information:

Biography of Theodore Parker. Scroll about two-thirds down for information about his abolitionist activities.

Biography of Thomas Wentworth Higginson

Another biography of Thomas Wentworth Higginson

Biography of William Wells Brown

Another biography of William Wells Brown

Boston African American National Historic Site provides a number of biographies of key Boston-area abolitionists,including Lewis Hayden, William Cooper Nell, Wendell Phillips, and Maria Stewart.

Short paragraph on Robert Morris