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E/MS Unit I: Two Cultures Collide: Early Relations Between English Settlers and Indigenous People in Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay Colonies Lesson D: William Apess and the “Mashpee Revolt”
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Document E/MS I-13: "Let Us Rule Ourselves": Excerpts from the Mashpee Petition to the Massachusetts Legislature, May 1833

To the Governor & Council of the State of Massachusetts

We say in the voice of one man that we are distressed and degraded: made to feel less worthydegraded daily by those men who we understand were appointed: agreed onappointed by your honors. That they have the rule of everything. That we are not consulted, it is true, and if we are, they do as they please and if we say one word then we are called poor drunken Indians when in fact we are not….

Much of our land is also rented out and white people have the preeminence: first rights [in this context]preeminence and the overseers: individuals appointed: agreed onappointed to manage Mashpee affairsoverseers will not rent our own land to us and we cannot turn our own sheep on what little stock: animalsstock we have… all of our priviliges (sic) are in a measure taken from us. Our people are foresaken: abandonedforesaken (sic) – many of them sleep upon the cold ground and we know not why it should be so, when we have enough if properly managed to supply all our wants….

There is much more, but we think that this is sufficient to satisfy you. Knowing that if we were whites, one half would be enough for redress: make rightredress – and now in consideration thereof and believing that you sirs would do the same – we as proprietors: ownersproprietors of the soil proud to return your honors thanks for the interest that we believe that you have taken in our welfare yet afore. With a cheering hope that we one day would take care of ourselves believing that you will comply with our wishes and resolutions: decisionsresolutions, and discharge: firedischarge those men, as we have several good trusted men who are capable men who are about to be chosen officers by us… For if we do not take such measures in five years our property will be gone…

Resolved

That we as a Tribe will rule ourselves, and have the right to do so for all men are born free and Equal, says the constitution of the country.

Resolved

That we will not permit any white man to come upon our plantation: land [in this context]plantation to cut or carry off wood or hay or any other article, without our permission after the first of July next.

Resolved

That we will put said resolution in force after the date of July next with the penalty of binding: tieing upbinding and throwing them off the plantation: land [in this context]plantation if they will not stay away without.

Yours most obediently as the voice of one man we approve the aboveas the voice of one man we pray you hear. See list [of 108 signatories] Presented below.

Quoted in The Wampanoags of Mashpee, by Russell Peters (n.p., 1987)

QUESTIONS:

1. Why did the Mashpees petition the governor? Did they need permission to do so? Why or why not?

2. What happened as a result of the petition?

3. What is the status of the Mashpee Wampanoag nation today? How can you find out?