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January 31, 1798: Native American Writer Born

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Longfellow's Wife Dies: November 29, 1835
On this day in 1835, 28-year-old Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was devastated by the death of his beloved young wife, Mary. The couple had been traveling...

First "National Day of Mourning" Held in Plymouth: November 26, 1970
On this day in 1970, a group of Native Americans attending a Thanksgiving feast in Plymouth walked out in protest. The Indians and their supporters gathered...

Sculptor Edmonia Lewis Displays Work in Boston: November 11, 1864
On this day in 1864, sculptor Edmonia Lewis exhibited two of her early pieces at the Colored Soldiers' Fair in Boston. The daughter of a Native American...

Missionary Opens School for Mohican Indians: November 5, 1734
On this day in 1734, the Yale-trained missionary John Sergeant opened a school for Mohican Indian children in Great Barrington. About 50 members of the...

Mashpee Indians Sue for Recognition: October 17, 1978
On this day in 1978, a trial began on Cape Cod to determine whether the Mashpee Indians met the legal definition of a tribe. If they did, they could sue...

Indian Rights Activist Born in Amherst: October 15, 1830
On this day in 1830, an Amherst College professor and his wife rejoiced at the safe delivery of their second child, Helen Maria Fiske. A lifelong friend...

Pilgrim Monument Completed in Provincetown: August 21, 1909
On this day in 1909, two young girls, using ropes and a pulley, helped haul the last stone into place to complete the Pilgrim Monument in Provincetown....

Abenaki Warriors Attack Groton: July 27, 1694
On this day in 1694, Abenaki warriors raided the frontier town of Groton, on the western edge of Middlesex County. Striking at daybreak, they killed 20...

William Pynchon Buys Land for Springfield: July 15, 1635
On this day in 1636, William Pynchon received the deed giving him title to most of what is now Springfield, Longmeadow, and Agawam. In exchange, he paid...

King Philip's War Breaks Out: June 24, 1675
On this day in 1675, Wampanoag warriors killed seven colonists in Swansea in retaliation for a series of injustices suffered at the hands of the English....

Massachusetts Bay Colony Bans Catholic Priests: May 26, 1647
On this day in 1647, Massachusetts Bay banned Jesuit priests from the colony on penalty of death. The English Puritans who settled the colony feared the...

Indians in Mashpee Demand Self-Government: May 21, 1833
On this day in 1833, the Mashpee of Cape Cod signed what amounted to an Indian Declaration of Independence. They reminded officials in Boston that "all...

Explorer Gosnold Names "Cape Cod": May 15, 1602
On this day in 1602, the English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold dropped anchor off the Massachusetts coast. While he and four others went ashore, the rest...

Ceremony Honors Early Indian Students: May 3, 1997
On this day in 1997, over 300 people gathered in Harvard Yard to commemorate a long forgotten part of the college's history. A plaque was unveiled...

Natick Established: February 19, 1781
On this day in 1781, Natick was formally incorporated, but the town already had a long history. In 1651, a group of Christianized Indians had founded...

Native American Writer Born: January 31, 1798
On this day in 1798, a Pequot Indian named William Apess was born in Colrain, a village in western Massachusetts. Although his childhood was marked by...

Indian Boys Arrive in Longmeadow: January 23, 1800
On this day in 1800, Thomas Thorakwaneken Williams arrived in Longmeadow with his two young sons, Eleazer and John. Thomas was the grandson of Eunice...

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