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April 16, 1952: Tip O’Neill Announces Run for Congress

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Site for Cambridge Selected: December 28, 1630
On this day in 1630, the Massachusetts Bay Colony proprietors chose a site along the northern bank of the Charles River for their capital. They named...

Boston Ends Discharge of Sewer Sludge into Harbor: December 24, 1991
On this day in 1991, the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority ended an age-old practice of dumping sewer sludge directly into Boston Harbor. Proponents...

Loyalist Despairs at British Defeat: December 9, 1781
On this day in 1781, Loyalist lawyer Ward Chipman of Boston wrote despairingly to his friend Jonathan Sewall who had gone into exile in London. Chipman...

Edward Everett Gives Gettysburg Address: November 19, 1863
On this day in 1863, Edward Everett spoke at the dedication of Gettysburg's National Cemetery, giving what is remembered today as the other Gettysburg...

Mercy Otis Marries James Warren: November 14, 1754
On this day in 1754, Mercy Otis of Barnstable and James Warren of Plymouth began their remarkable 54-year partnership. When she married into a family...

Boston’s “Honey Fitz” Fitzgerald Elected to Congress: November 6, 1895
On this day in 1895, a colorful Irishman from Boston's North End, nicknamed "Honey Fitz" for his charming and loquacious ways,...

Mayor Curley Jeopardizes Election: November 3, 1929
On this day in 1929, James Michael Curley, heavily favored to win his third term as mayor of Boston, used a radio appearance to defame a school committee...

Voters Deny Massachusetts Women the Vote: November 2, 1915
On this day in 1915, a referendum to give Massachusetts women the vote failed at the polls. In spite of its leading role in the nineteenth-century woman's...

Washington Ends Visit to Massachusetts: October 31, 1789
On this day in 1789, George Washington concluded a ten-day presidential visit to Massachusetts. Adoring crowds of grateful citizens greeted him everywhere....

Senator Edward Brooke Born: October 26, 1919
On this day in 1919, Edward Brooke, III, the only African-American to represent Massachusetts in the U.S. Congress, was born. A decorated veteran, he...

First National Woman’s Rights Convention Ends in Worcester: October 24, 1850
On this day in 1850, the first national convention for woman's rights concluded in Worcester. For two days, more than 1,000 delegates from 11 different...

Samuel Adams Dies: October 2, 1803
On this day in 1803, the fiery patriot Samuel Adams died at the age of 81. A complete failure as a businessman, he was a brilliant political organizer,...

Paul Revere Statue Unveiled: September 22, 1940
On this day in 1940, a bronze statue of Paul Revere was unveiled in the shadow of the Old North Church. In the crowd of 8,000, stood the sculptor —...

Rep. Edith Nourse Rogers Dies: September 10, 1960
On this day in 1960, Representative Edith Nourse Rogers died of a heart attack in a Boston hospital, just three days before the end of her nineteenth...

Boston Mob Protests Stamp Act: August 14, 1765
On this day in 1765, the British official charged with administering the hated Stamp Act was hung in effigy from an elm tree near Boston Common. A small...

John Quincy Adams Returns to Paris: August 9, 1783
On this day in 1783 John Quincy Adams traveled from Holland to Paris with his father, John Adams. The senior Adams was involved in negotiating a peace...

J.F.K. Signs Bill Creating Cape Cod National Seashore: August 7, 1961
On this day in 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed a bill authorizing the establishment of Cape Cod National Seashore. A long-time summer resident...

Calvin Coolidge Sworn in as President: August 3, 1923
On this day in 1923, upon the death of Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as President of the United States. "Silent Cal"...

Boston Masons Organize First Grand Lodge in America: July 30, 1733
On this day in 1733, 18 men gathered at the Bunch of Grapes Tavern on King Street in Boston and organized the first Masonic Lodge in North America. The...

Foster Furcolo, State’s First Italian American Governor, Born: July 29, 1911
On this day in 1911, Foster Furcolo was born in New Haven. Raised in Connecticut and educated at Yale, Furcolo moved to Springfield after World War II....

Berkshire Town Sends Giant Cheese Ball to Washington: July 20, 1801
On this day in 1801, the Berkshire County town of Cheshire made a 1235-pound ball of cheese and shipped it to Washington, D.C. as a gift for the newly-elected...

Hemingway Room Dedicated at JFK Library: July 18, 1980
On this day in 1980, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis and Ernest Hemingway's son Patrick dedicated the Hemingway Room at the recently opened John F. Kennedy...

Anti-war Activists Sentenced to Prison: July 10, 1968
On this day in 1968, four men were sentenced to federal prison for counseling young men to refuse military service. Dubbed the Boston Five, the defendants...

John Adams Dies: July 4, 1826
On this day in 1826, 50 years after the Declaration of Independence was adopted in Philadelphia, John Adams died at home in Braintree. One of the great...

James Otis, Jr., Enrages Colonial Governor: June 21, 1768
On this day in 1768, James Otis, Jr. gave a characteristically fiery speech to his fellow legislators in Boston. He referred to the British House of Commons...

Massachusetts Approves State Constitution: June 16, 1780
On this day in 1780, the Massachusetts constitution was declared ratified. The previous fall, the world's first constitutional convention had met...

Vietnam Veterans Arrested on Lexington Green: May 30, 1971
On this day in 1971, over 450 anti-war protesters occupied the historic Lexington Green and refused to leave. The Vietnam Veterans Against the War had...

Sumner Attacked in U.S. Senate: May 22, 1856
On this day in 1856, Preston Brooks, a congressman from South Carolina, viciously attacked Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner on the floor of the United...

Indians in Mashpee Demand Self-Government: May 21, 1833
On this day in 1833, the Mashpee of Cape Cod signed what amounted to an Indian Declaration of Independence. They reminded officials in Boston that "all...

Marblehead Carved Out of Salem: May 6, 1635
On this day in 1635, the General Court of Massachusetts Bay established the town of Marblehead on land that belonged to Salem. The move was meant to punish...

Battle Begins on Lexington Common: April 19, 1775
On this day in 1775, the first shots were fired in the cause of American independence. In Ralph Waldo Emerson's famous poem, "the shot heard...

Tip O’Neill Announces Run for Congress: April 16, 1952
On this day in 1952, Thomas P. ("Tip") O'Neill of Cambridge announced that he would run for the Congressional seat being vacated...

First CCC Enrollees Arrive at Ft. Devens: April 13, 1933
On this day in 1933, the first enrollees of the Massachusetts Civilian Conservation Corps arrived at Fort Devens in Ayer. They were soldiers in a peacetime...

Abbie Hoffman Dies: April 12, 1989
On this day in 1989, Worcester native Abbie Hoffman died from a drug overdose. A hero of the 1960s counter culture, Hoffman once told a reporter, "I...

“John Howe” Spies on Concord — or Not: April 11, 1775
On this day in 1775, John Howe arrived in Concord to spy for British General Gage. He quickly gained the trust of the town's leading patriots. They...

Frances Perkins Born in Boston: April 10, 1880
On this day in 1880, Frances Perkins, the first woman to hold a cabinet position, was born in Boston. Raised in Worcester, she attended Mt. Holyoke College,...

Babysitter Wins Lottery Jackpot: April 6, 1999
On this day in 1999, Maria Grasso of Boston won what was then the largest payoff to a single individual in an American lottery — $197,000,000....

Concord Women Cast First Votes: March 29, 1880
On this day in 1880, Louisa May Alcott and 19 other women attended the Concord Town Meeting. The year before, the Massachusetts legislature had made it...

Boston Celebrates First Evacuation Day: March 17, 1901
On this day in 1901, the City of Boston officially celebrated Evacuation Day for the first time. In early March of 1776, Continental troops managed to...

Massachusetts Loses Maine: March 15, 1820
On this day in 1820, Massachusetts lost over 30,000 square miles of land as its former province of Maine gained statehood. Mainers had begun campaigning...

John Brown Speaks in Concord: March 12, 1857
On this day in 1857, John Brown addressed a crowd in Concord Town Hall. He spoke about the situation in Kansas, where a bitter struggle was underway between...

James Reeb Dies in Alabama: March 10, 1965
On this day in 1965, a white minister from Boston lay near death in an Alabama hospital. As James Reeb's life slipped away, his story was in every...

Five Die in Boston Massacre: March 5, 1770
On this day in 1770, Crispus Attucks, a black man from Framingham, and four other civilians were shot dead by British soldiers. Attucks worked on whaling...

Bedford Responds to “Boston Pamphlet”: March 1, 1773
On this day in 1773, the town of Bedford held its annual meeting. Along with the routine matters to be addressed, there was one unusual item of business....

News of Peace Treaty Reaches Boston: February 12, 1815
On this day in 1815, news reached Boston that the War of 1812 was over. The U.S. had at first been a neutral party in a conflict between Britain and France....

“Gerrymander” Born in Massachusetts: February 11, 1812
On this day in 1812, a political monster — the "Gerrymander" — was born in the Massachusetts State House. Governor...

Silvio Conte Dies: February 8, 1991
On this day in 1991, Representative Silvio Conte died at age 70. A Republican in a largely Democratic state, more liberal than most members of his party,...

Activist Florence Luscomb Born: February 6, 1887
On this day in 1887, lifelong political activist Florence Luscomb was born in Lowell. As a child, she heard the legendary Susan B. Anthony speak. In her...

Abigail Adams Knows: February 2, 1775
On this day in 1775, Abigail Adams wrote sadly "the Die is Cast . . . The Sword is now our only yet dreadful alternative." The day before,...

Rebels Attack Springfield Arsenal: January 25, 1787
On this day in 1787, 2,000 farmers from western Massachusetts attacked the new federal arsenal at Springfield. The government soldiers returned fire,...

The Crucible Opens on Broadway: January 22, 1953
On this day in 1953, Arthur Miller's play The Crucible opened on Broadway. Four years after winning the Pulitzer Prize for Death of a Salesman, Miller...

Isaiah Thomas Born: January 19, 1749
On this day in 1749, the Patriot printer Isaiah Thomas was born. In 1770, Thomas established the Massachusetts Spy, the first newspaper aimed at middle-class...

The “Sacred” Cod Moves to New State House: January 11, 1798
On this day in 1798, the Massachusetts legislature paraded solemnly from the Old State House to its quarters in a new building at the top of Beacon Hill....

JFK’s Farewell to Massachusetts Legislature: January 9, 1961
On this day in 1961, John F. Kennedy bade farewell to the people of Massachusetts and reminded them of the state's unique legacy. In a speech at...

Boston Swears in First Irish-born Mayor: January 5, 1885
On this day in 1885, Hugh O'Brien, the first Irish immigrant elected mayor of Boston, took the oath of office. A new era was beginning. For several...

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