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June 4, 1875: Ellen Swallow Marries Robert Richards

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Site for Cambridge Selected: December 28, 1630
On this day in 1630, the Massachusetts Bay Colony proprietors chose a site along the northern bank of the Charles River for their capital. They named...

Northfield Couple Launches U.S. Youth Hostel Movement: December 27, 1934
On this day in 1934, Isabel and Monroe Smith opened the first U.S. youth hostel in Northfield. The young couple had discovered hosteling during a trip...

Alice Freeman and George Palmer Marry: December 23, 1887
On this day in 1887, Alice Freeman, charismatic president of Wellesley College, wed Harvard professor George Palmer, to the consternation of many Boston...

First YMCA in the United States Organized in Boston: December 15, 1851
On this day in 1851, a group of evangelicals from several Boston churches founded the first Young Men's Christian Association in the United States....

Henrietta Leavitt Buried in Cambridge: December 14, 1921
On this day in 1921, Henrietta Leavitt, a scientist at the Harvard Observatory, was buried in Cambridge. Her premature death cut short a brilliant career...

African Meeting House Opens: December 4, 1806
On this day in 1806, the Reverend Thomas Paul was installed as pastor of the new African Meeting House in Boston. Two days later, the church was officially...

George Peabody Thanks Danvers: November 30, 1853
On this day in 1853, George Peabody thanked the citizens of South Danvers for naming the high school in his honor and immediately set up a $200 account...

First Students Arrive at Mt. Holyoke Seminary: November 8, 1837
On this day in 1837, 80 students arrived at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in the Connecticut Valley village of South Hadley. Many had traveled for days...

Maria Mitchell Discovers Comet: October 1, 1847
On this day in 1847, 29-year-old Maria Mitchell stood on the roof of her parent's Nantucket home, focusing her telescope on what she believed to...

First Merriam-Webster Dictionary Published in Springfield: September 24, 1847
On this day in 1847, Charles and George Merriam of Springfield published the first edition of The American Dictionary of the English Language. Four years...

Amherst’s Troops Camp on Boston Common: September 18, 1758
On this day in 1758, 4,500 British troops under the command of Jeffrey Amherst camped on Boston Common before setting off to fight the French. Newly promoted...

Boston Public Library Receives $1 Million Donation: September 5, 1947
On this day in 1947, self-made millionaire John Deferrari donated over $1,000,000 to the Boston Public Library to express his gratitude to the institution...

Brandeis University Receives Phi Beta Kappa Charter: August 30, 1961
On this day in 1961, Brandeis University received good news. Less than a decade after accepting its first students, the school had been given approval...

Dr. Susan Dimock Begins Medical Residency: August 20, 1872
On this day in 1872, Dr. Susan Dimock became the resident physician at the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston. Only a month earlier,...

Charlestown Convent Lies in Ruins: August 12, 1834
On this day in 1834, the Ursuline Convent in Charlestown lay in ruins. The night before, a Protestant mob sacked it and burned it to the ground. The nuns...

Revenue Cutter Service School Established in New Bedford: July 31, 1876
On this day in 1876, Congress established at New Bedford the first School of Instruction to train officers for the Revenue Service. The Service traced...

Ellen Swallow Marries Robert Richards: June 4, 1875
On this day in 1875, Ellen Swallow married M.I.T. Professor Robert Hallowell Richards. Three days later, they set off on a wedding trip to Nova Scotia...

Springfield Dedicates Memorial to Dr. Seuss: May 31, 2002
On this day in 2002, Springfield celebrated the completion of a memorial to a hometown hero, Dr. Seuss. Located in the Library and Museum Quadrangle is...

Supreme Court Strikes Down “Separate but Equal”: May 17, 1954
On this day in 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the doctrine of separate but equal. "Segregation of children in public schools solely...

Dewey Proposes Library Classification System: May 8, 1873
On this day in 1873, Amherst College junior Melvil Dewey made a proposal to the faculty. He had been working in the college library and was frustrated...

Ceremony Honors Early Indian Students: May 3, 1997
On this day in 1997, over 300 people gathered in Harvard Yard to commemorate a long forgotten part of the college's history. A plaque was unveiled...

Composer Stravinsky Visits Gropius House in Lincoln: May 2, 1940
On this day in 1940, the German-born architect Walter Gropius and his wife Ise opened their new home in Lincoln to some old friends — the great...

W.E.B. DuBois Returns to Harvard: April 23, 1904
On this day in 1904, W.E.B. DuBois gave a lecture on "the race question" at Harvard, where nine years before he had been the first black...

Massachusetts Passes First Education Law: April 14, 1642
On this day in 1642, Massachusetts Bay Colony passed the first law in the New World requiring that children be taught to read and write. The English Puritans...

Harvard Students Occupy University Hall: April 9, 1969
On this day in 1969, Harvard students took over University Hall, one of the college's oldest buildings. Opposed to the escalating war in Vietnam,...

Legislature Guarantees Access to Public Schools: March 25, 1845
On this day in 1845, the Massachusetts legislature guaranteed that every child in the state would have access to a public school. One source of pressure...

Professor’s Murder Trial Begins: March 19, 1850
On this day in 1850, a sensational murder trial began in Boston. Both the victim and the accused belonged to the city's social elite. The case had...

Charlotte Forten Enters Salem Normal School: March 13, 1855
On this day in 1855, Charlotte Forten passed the entrance examination for the Salem Normal School, one of four colleges recently established in Massachusetts...

Sophia Smith Endows New Women’s College: March 8, 1870
On this day in 1870, a shy but determined woman from Hatfield willed that her fortune be used to establish a women's college in Northampton. The...

Perkins School for the Blind Incorporated: March 2, 1829
On this day in 1829, the New England Asylum for the Blind was incorporated in Boston. Begun with six students, within six years, the institution had ten...

First Esperanto Society Formed: February 16, 1905
On this day in 1905, the first Esperanto Society in the United States was established in Boston. Invented by a Polish doctor in the 1880s, Esperanto was...

Father of Psychology Born: February 1, 1844
On this day in 1844 G. Stanley Hall was born in Ashfield. This farm boy from western Massachusetts would become the father of psychology in America. His...

First African American Graduate of Harvard Born: January 30, 1844
On this day in 1844, Richard Greener, the first African-American graduate of Harvard, was born. His unusual education was made possible by several wealthy...

Robert Frost Dies: January 29, 1963
On this day in 1963, Robert Frost died, the most popular and renowned American poet of the twentieth century. But his success was a long time in coming....

Lowell Women Sign On to Teach in the West: January 26, 1864
On this day in 1864, a visitor from Seattle held a meeting in Lowell. Asa Mercer explained to his largely female audience that there was a great scarcity...

Fannie Farmer Cookbook Published: January 7, 1896
On this day in 1896, the first edition of the Boston Cooking-School Cookbook was published. Later known as the Fannie Farmer Cookbook, the book was the...

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