Mass Moments http://www.massmoments.org/ A daily almanac of Massachusetts history 1440 Copyright 2006 Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities TheOtherRoom.com CFML RSS Generator Thu, 27 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST en-us Visitors of Mass Moments--a daily almanac of Massachusetts history--can learn more about the Moments presented on the radio, see images and illustrations, read a primary source document, and get suggestions of links to follow and places to visit. Additionally, they can view a timeline to see when a given Moment occurred, and where applicable, a map to see where it happened. Visitors are invited to comment or ask questions about a Moment on our message board, thus providing an on-line community where Bay State history enthusiasts can meet and discuss our past. They can sign up to receive Mass Moments daily in their email, and if they post a question to the message board, they can be notified when someone has responded. Past Moments (those posted since January 1, 2005) are searchable, by key words, subject, time period, and region. A daily almanac of Massachusetts history. Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities Massachusetts almanac, radio program, eMoment, eMoments, Massachusetts history, Bay State, Western Mass, MA, Eastern Mass, Boston, Mass Moments, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, daily history, this day in history, today's history, today in history http://www.massmoments.org/rss/images/mass_moments_75.jpg Mass Moments http://www.massmoments.org/ info@massmoments.org Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities Workers Complete Hoosac Tunnel: November 27, 1874 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=341 On this day in 1874, workers in the small western Massachusetts town of Florida finished the Hoosac Tunnel, bringing to completion one of the world's most ambitious engineering projects. The Hoosac Mountain Range had long been a formidable natural barrier to the development of towns in the northern tier of Massachusetts. As industry grew in this part of the state, so did pressure for a rail connection across the mountains. Construction of the tunnel took more than 20 years, $17,000,000, and the lives of 196 men. On Thanksgiving Day in 1874, the last 16 feet of rock were blasted out of the way under North Adams. Two months later, the first train passed through what was then the second longest tunnel in the world. Thu, 27 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=341 On this day in 1874, workers in the small western Massachusetts town of Florida finished the Hoosac Tunnel, bringing to completion one of the world's most ambitious engineering projects. The Hoosac Mountain Range had long been a formidable natural barrier to the development of towns in the northern tier of Massachusetts. As industry grew in this part of the state, so did pressure for a rail connection across the mountains. Construction of the tunnel took more than 20 years, $17,000,000, and the lives of 196 men. On Thanksgiving Day in 1874, the last 16 feet of rock were blasted out of the way under North Adams. Two months later, the first train passed through what was then the second longest tunnel in the world. no 0:01:00 Workers Complete Hoosac Tunnel: November 27, 1874 First "National Day of Mourning" Held in Plymouth: November 26, 1970 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=340 On this day in 1970, a group of Native Americans attending a Thanksgiving feast in Plymouth walked out in protest. The Indians and their supporters gathered on a hill overlooking Plymouth Rock near a statue of Massasoit, the Wampanoag leader who had greeted the Mayflower passengers 350 years earlier. The protesters spoke about their long struggle to preserve their land and culture. The fourth Thursday in November was not a day for thanksgiving and feasting, they declared, but for grieving and fasting. As most Americans continued to observe the holiday in what had become the customary way -- with football, parades, and family gatherings -- the native people of Massachusetts began a new tradition: a "National Day of Mourning," held in lieu of Thanksgiving celebrations. Wed, 26 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=340 On this day in 1970, a group of Native Americans attending a Thanksgiving feast in Plymouth walked out in protest. The Indians and their supporters gathered on a hill overlooking Plymouth Rock near a statue of Massasoit, the Wampanoag leader who had greeted the Mayflower passengers 350 years earlier. The protesters spoke about their long struggle to preserve their land and culture. The fourth Thursday in November was not a day for thanksgiving and feasting, they declared, but for grieving and fasting. As most Americans continued to observe the holiday in what had become the customary way -- with football, parades, and family gatherings -- the native people of Massachusetts began a new tradition: a "National Day of Mourning," held in lieu of Thanksgiving celebrations. no 0:01:00 First "National Day of Mourning" Held in Plymouth: November 26, 1970 "Storm Warriors" Rescue 29 Sailors off Hull: November 25, 1888 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=339 On this day in 1888, one of the most ferocious storms of the nineteenth century battered the New England coast. In the seas off Hull, "Storm Warriors," as the men of the United States Life-Saving Service were known, saved 29 lives. One crew rowed 6 1/2 miles out to a wrecked vessel and rescued seven sailors. For almost a century, Massachusetts Humane Society volunteers had been helping to rescue mariners in distress. When the federal government formally organized the United States Life-Saving Service in 1878, paid surfmen took over most of the work. The record of human lives they saved was impressive: 99% of the people they tried to rescue survived. In 1915 the USLSS became part of the United States Coast Guard. Tue, 25 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=339 On this day in 1888, one of the most ferocious storms of the nineteenth century battered the New England coast. In the seas off Hull, "Storm Warriors," as the men of the United States Life-Saving Service were known, saved 29 lives. One crew rowed 6 1/2 miles out to a wrecked vessel and rescued seven sailors. For almost a century, Massachusetts Humane Society volunteers had been helping to rescue mariners in distress. When the federal government formally organized the United States Life-Saving Service in 1878, paid surfmen took over most of the work. The record of human lives they saved was impressive: 99% of the people they tried to rescue survived. In 1915 the USLSS became part of the United States Coast Guard. no 0:01:00 "Storm Warriors" Rescue 29 Sailors off Hull: November 25, 1888 Elizabeth Porter Phelps Born: November 24, 1747 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=338 On this day in 1747, Elizabeth Porter was born in the Connecticut River Valley village of Hadley. Five years later, her father built the first house outside the town center. He called it "Forty Acres." It would be Elizabeth's home for the rest of her long life. Her father died in 1755. Her 36-year-old mother never remarried. With help from kinfolk, slaves, and hired help, the widow Porter ran a 600-acre farm on what was then the Massachusetts frontier. After her daughter married Charles Phelps in 1770, the younger woman became mistress of the estate. Elizabeth Porter Phelps's descendants would occupy it for the next 200 years, but she would be one of the last female members of the family to shoulder the burdens of a hard-working farm wife. Mon, 24 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=338 On this day in 1747, Elizabeth Porter was born in the Connecticut River Valley village of Hadley. Five years later, her father built the first house outside the town center. He called it "Forty Acres." It would be Elizabeth's home for the rest of her long life. Her father died in 1755. Her 36-year-old mother never remarried. With help from kinfolk, slaves, and hired help, the widow Porter ran a 600-acre farm on what was then the Massachusetts frontier. After her daughter married Charles Phelps in 1770, the younger woman became mistress of the estate. Elizabeth Porter Phelps's descendants would occupy it for the next 200 years, but she would be one of the last female members of the family to shoulder the burdens of a hard-working farm wife. no 0:01:00 Elizabeth Porter Phelps Born: November 24, 1747 Doug Flutie Throws "Hail Mary" Pass: November 23, 1984 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=337 On this day in 1984, Doug Flutie threw a last-second "Hail Mary" touchdown pass to Gerard Phelan in the end zone, giving Boston College a 47-45 win over the University of Miami. Considered too short and without a strong enough arm to play quarterback, the 5'10" Natick resident became one of the gutsiest players in football. Running away from defenders, buying time for receivers, he threw a Boston College single-year record of 3,454 yards and 27 touchdowns. Passing for over 57,000 yards in his pro career, he won three Grey Cups in the Canadian Football League and led the Buffalo Bills to the playoffs in 1998. As legendary coach John Madden said, "Inch for inch, Flutie in his prime was the best quarterback of his generation." Sun, 23 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=337 On this day in 1984, Doug Flutie threw a last-second "Hail Mary" touchdown pass to Gerard Phelan in the end zone, giving Boston College a 47-45 win over the University of Miami. Considered too short and without a strong enough arm to play quarterback, the 5'10" Natick resident became one of the gutsiest players in football. Running away from defenders, buying time for receivers, he threw a Boston College single-year record of 3,454 yards and 27 touchdowns. Passing for over 57,000 yards in his pro career, he won three Grey Cups in the Canadian Football League and led the Buffalo Bills to the playoffs in 1998. As legendary coach John Madden said, "Inch for inch, Flutie in his prime was the best quarterback of his generation." no 0:01:00 Doug Flutie Throws "Hail Mary" Pass: November 23, 1984 Eric Carle Museum Opens in Amherst: November 22, 2002 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=336 On this day in 2002, the nation's first museum of picture book art opened in Amherst. A decade earlier, children's book author and illustrator Eric Carle had visited a picture book museum in Tokyo and returned home determined to build one in the United States. The Northampton-based artist, perhaps best known for The Very Hungry Caterpillar, received support from nearby Hampshire College, which offered space on its campus. Architects designed the building to make visitors feel as if they were stepping inside one of the bold, brightly colored collages that make Eric Carle's books so engaging to children and adults alike. One of many messages Carle received at the museum's dedication read: "Everyone in our neighborhood sends congratulations." It was signed, "Your Life-Long Neighbor, Fred Rogers." Sat, 22 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=336 On this day in 2002, the nation's first museum of picture book art opened in Amherst. A decade earlier, children's book author and illustrator Eric Carle had visited a picture book museum in Tokyo and returned home determined to build one in the United States. The Northampton-based artist, perhaps best known for The Very Hungry Caterpillar, received support from nearby Hampshire College, which offered space on its campus. Architects designed the building to make visitors feel as if they were stepping inside one of the bold, brightly colored collages that make Eric Carle's books so engaging to children and adults alike. One of many messages Carle received at the museum's dedication read: "Everyone in our neighborhood sends congratulations." It was signed, "Your Life-Long Neighbor, Fred Rogers." no 0:01:00 Eric Carle Museum Opens in Amherst: November 22, 2002 "Richest Woman in America" Born in New Bedford: November 21, 1834 http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=335 On this day in 1834, the wealthiest whaling family in New Bedford celebrated the birth of their only daughter. This little girl would grow up to be the richest -- and, according to legend, the most miserly -- woman in America. Through shrewd investing, Hetty Robinson Green parlayed a $100,000 inheritance into one of the largest fortunes in the United States. Stories of her eccentricities abound. She lived in low-rent tenements in New Jersey and moved frequently to avoid property taxes. She ate 15-cent lunches and always used public transport. By the time she died in 1916, Hetty Green had a net worth of $100,000,000 -- more than 2.5 billion in today's dollars. She accomplished this at a time when American women could not yet vote. Fri, 21 Nov 2014 04:00:00 EST http://www.massmoments.org/index.cfm?mid=335 On this day in 1834, the wealthiest whaling family in New Bedford celebrated the birth of their only daughter. This little girl would grow up to be the richest -- and, according to legend, the most miserly -- woman in America. Through shrewd investing, Hetty Robinson Green parlayed a $100,000 inheritance into one of the largest fortunes in the United States. Stories of her eccentricities abound. She lived in low-rent tenements in New Jersey and moved frequently to avoid property taxes. She ate 15-cent lunches and always used public transport. By the time she died in 1916, Hetty Green had a net worth of $100,000,000 -- more than 2.5 billion in today's dollars. She accomplished this at a time when American women could not yet vote. no 0:01:00 "Richest Woman in America" Born in New Bedford: November 21, 1834